Elektra  0.9.3
Elektra Initiative Overview

Elektra serves as a universal and secure framework to access configuration parameters in a global, hierarchical key database and provides a mature, consistent and easily comprehensible API. Its modularity effectively avoids code duplication across applications and tools regarding configuration tasks. Elektra abstracts from cross-platform-related issues and allows applications to be aware of other applications' configurations, leveraging easy application integration.

See the readme for more introduction. See the glossary for the used terminology.

API Docu

This document's main goal is to describe the API. It covers:

  • external C-API (see Modules above), which are the essential core parts
  • C++-API (see Data Structures above) from a direct binding to high-level functionality, such as mounting functionality
  • plugins API, see Plugins
  • all other documentation of Elektra (see Related Pages next to Main Page)

On the one hand it gives an overview and an introduction for developers using Elektra, on the other hand it gives an informal description what methods must and may provide to allow an alternative implementation of the API.

The current version (for stable releases) of this document can be found at https://doc.libelektra.org/api/current/html

The latest version (from git master) of this document can be found at https://doc.libelektra.org/api/latest/html

Important: On GitHub links to API functions are broken, so it is recommended that you continue reading in one of these links above.

Using the Elektra Library

A C or C++ source file that wants to use Elektra should include:

#include <kdb.h>

To link an executable with the Elektra library, one way is to use the pkg-config tool:

gcc -o application `pkg-config --cflags --libs elektra` application.c

Another way is to use CMake:

find_package(Elektra REQUIRED)
include_directories (${ELEKTRA_INCLUDE_DIR})
target_link_libraries (application ${ELEKTRA_LIBRARIES})

Read about compiling elektra.

Tutorials

List of all available Plugins and get started by developing your own plugins Plugins.

Elektra API

The API was written in pure C because Elektra was designed to be useful even for the most basic system programs.

The API follows an object-oriented design, and there are 3 main classes as shown by the figure:

Some general things you can do with each class are:

KDB (Key Database)

Key

KeySet

More background information about the classes

Namespaces

There are 5 trees (=namespaces) of keys: spec, proc, dir, user and system that are all unified (in the given order) in one cascading tree starting with /.

The cascading tree is the logical tree to be used in applications. The other trees are the physical ones that stem from configuration sources. When using cascading key the best key will be searched at run-time, which appears like a tree on its own. See cascading in the documentation of ksLookupByName() on how the selection of keys works.

  • The spec tree

    This tree specifies how the lookup should take place and also allows us to define defaults or document a key. The metadata of a key contains this information:

    • override/#: use these keys in favor of the key itself (note that # is the syntax for arrays, e.g. #0 for the first element, #10 for the 11th and so on)
    • namespace/#: instead of using all namespaces in the predefined order, one can specify which namespaces should be searched in which order
    • fallback/#: when no key was found in any of the (specified) namespaces the fallback-keys will be searched
    • default: this value will be used if nothing else was found
  • The proc tree

    Is the only read-only tree. The configuration does not stem from the KDB (Key Database), but any other source, e.g. command-line arguments or environment.

  • The dir tree

    Allows us to have a per-directory overwrite of configuration files, e.g. for project specific settings.

  • The user tree

    Used to store user-specific configurations, like the personal settings of a user to certain programs. The user subtree will always be favored if present (except for security concerns the user subtree may not be considered).

  • The system tree

    It is provided to store system-wide configuration keys, that is, the last fallback for applications but the only resort for daemons and system services.

Read more about namespaces and a tutorial for namespaces.

Rules for Key Names

When using Elektra to store your application's configuration and state, please keep in mind the following rules:

  • You are not allowed to create keys right under the root. They are reserved for more generic purposes.
  • The keys for your application, called say myapp, should be created under /sw/org/myapp/#0/current
    • sw is for software
    • org is the organization. For uniqueness a full reverse url encoded with '/' instead of '.' is useful.
    • #0 is the major version of the configuration
    • current is the default configuration profile.
    • That means you just need to kdbGet() /sw/org/myapp/#0/profile and then ksLookupByName() in /sw/org/myapp/#0/profile/key where profile is from command-line arguments and defaults to current.

Read more about key names

Backend Overview

The core of Elektra does not store configuration itself to the hard disk. Instead this work is delegated to backends.

If you want to develop a backend, you should already have some experience with Elektra from the user point of view. You should be familiar with the data structures: Key and KeySet Then you can start reading about Backends that are composed out of Plugins. To get started with writing plugins, first read our plugin tutorial and then lookup details in the API description in Plugins.

Read more about mounting

See Also