0.8.10 Release

Hello,

we are delighted to announce our latest feature release providing major updates in:

XDG Compatibility

Elektra now is fully XDG 0.8 compliant. Following changes were necessary:

For example, we could use resolver_fm_xhp_x:

kdb mount --resolver=resolver_fm_xhp_x file.dump /example dump
kdb file user/example
kdb file system/example

Will show you that for both user+system the resolver respects XDG environment variables, e.g. above lines will print:

/home/m/.config/file.dump
/etc/xdg/file.dump

Of course, any attempts to get and set keys below user/example and system/example will also be in these files.

The letters after _ describe the variant of the resolver:

A lot of such resolver variants are added when -DPLUGINS=ALL is used. Of course you can create new variants with different behaviour by adding them to PLUGINS.

To make your application (that uses Elektra) XDG aware, you have nothing to do: you get it to free. Make sure to always use cascading lookup. Additionally, an XDG conforming application should not write system/ keys.

OpenICC Compatibility

Based on that, Elektra now also implements the draft for the OpenICC specification.

The mount command looks like quite complicated, but it consists of simple parts:

kdb mount --resolver=resolver_fm_xhp_x \
  color/settings/openicc-devices.json /org/freedesktop/openicc \
  yajl rename cut=org/freedesktop/openicc

We already know the first two lines: we use the XDG resolver already introduced above. Only the file name and the path where it should be mounted differs.

The plugin yajl is a storage plugin that reads/writes json. The plugin rename was the missing link to support OpenICC (thanks to Felix Berlakovich for closing this gap). It is needed, because every OpenICC file starts like this:

{ "org": { "freedesktop": { "openicc": {

Because the backend is mounted at /org/freedesktop/openicc, it would lead to keys below /org/freedesktop/openicc/org/freedesktop/openicc which we obviously do not want. So we simply get rid of the common prefix by cutting it out using the rename plugin.

Of course this renaming functionality can be used in every situation and is not limited to OpenICC.

Tools

A large number of old and new tools were added, mostly for convenience e.g.:

kdb mount-openicc

saves you from writing the long mount command we had in the previous section.

To get a list of all tools that are installed, now the command (which is also an external tool and as such currently not displayed in kdb --help):

kdb list-tools

is available. Do not be surprised: on typical installations this will be a large list. You can run each of these tools by using kdb . Most of the tools, however, are part of the test suite, which you can run using:

kdb run_all

Other tools are "old friends", e.g. convert-fstab written in 2006 by Avi Alkalay still works:

kdb convert-fstab | kdb import system/filesystems xmltool

It will parse your /etc/fstab and generate a XML. This XML then can be imported. Other convert tools directly produce kdb commands, though.

kdb now uses KDB itself for many commands:

By default the plugin "sync" is added automatically (it makes sure that fsync is executed on config files, the directory is already done by the resolver), you should not remove it from /sw/kdb/current/plugins otherwise the next mount command will not add it. To preserve it use a space separated list, e.g.:

kdb set user/sw/kdb/current/plugins "sync syslog"

Last, but not least, kdb get now supports cascading get:

kdb get /sw/kdb/current/plugins

This feature allows you to see the configuration exactly as seen by the application.

Other options:

Compatibility

The core API (kdb.h), as always, stayed API/ABI compatible. The only changes in kdb.h is the addition of KEY_CASCADING_NAME and KEY_META_NAME. So applications compiled against 0.8.10 and using these constants, will not work with Elektra 0.8.9.

The constants allow us to create following kinds of keys:

Usage in C is:

Key *c = keyNew("/org/freedesktop", KEY_CASCADING_NAME, KEY_END);
Key *m = keyNew("comment/#0", KEY_META_NAME, KEY_END);

The same functionality exists, of course, in available in all bindings, too.

Changes in non-core API are:

CMake

It is now possible to remove a plugin/binding/tools by prefixing a name with "-". The new "-element" syntax is accepted by TOOLS, BINDINGS and PLUGINS. It is very handy in combination with ALL, e.g.:

-DPLUGINS="ALL;-xmltool"

will include all plugins except xmltool.

Improved comments

Comment preserving was improved a lot. Especially, the hosts plugin was rewritten completely. Now multiple different comment styles can be intermixed without losing information. E.g. some INI formats support both ; and # for comments. With the new comments it is possible to preserve that information and even better: applications can iterate over that information (metadata).

To mount the new hosts plugin use (if you already have mounted it, you have nothing to do):

kdb mount /etc/hosts system/hosts hosts

The hosts plugin now seperates from ipv4 and ipv6 which makes the host names canonical again, e.g.:

kdb get system/hosts/ipv4/localhost
kdb get system/hosts/ipv6/localhost

To access the inline-comment, use:

kdb getmeta system/hosts/ipv4/localhost "comment/#0"

For other meta information, see:

kdb lsmeta system/hosts/ipv4/localhost

Additionally, a small API for specific metadata operations emerges. These operations will be moved to a separate library and will not stay in Elektra’s core library.

Proposal

Java binding

Elektra now fully supports applications written in Java and also Plugins written in the same language.

The new binding was developed using jna. For the plugin interface JNI was used. We developed already some plugins.

Qt-Gui

Raffael Pancheri released the version 0.0.2 of the Qt-Gui:

Further stuff and small fixes

Get It!

You can download the release from here

already built API-Docu can be found here

Stay tuned!

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For more information, see https://www.libelektra.org

Best regards, Markus